[FFmpeg-user] Synchronizing A/V streams from independent sources?

Jeff darkmoon at verizon.net
Sun Jun 1 17:10:51 CEST 2014

I have two MP4 (H.264 AVC/AAC) A/V files, each with the same content. 
For quality and other reasons, I want to extract the video stream from 
one of them and the audio from the other, and mux the extracted streams 
together in another MP4 file, which will be the final product. That 
much is the easy part! :D

For some reason, the source file which has my preferred video stream 
runs slightly faster (1:20:32) than the source of my audio stream 
(1:23:58.000431). Obviously, these streams cannot be synchronized by 
shifting the start time.

I have, so far, tried 'setpts=PTS*1.xxxxxxxx' to slow and extend the 
video, but this method introduces jerkiness regardless of whether I 
choose '-vsync vfr' or 'cfr'. I get better (smooth, natural sounding) 
results by speeding up the audio with 'atempo=1.xxxxxx' or with 

The main problem with stretching the video or shrinking the audio is 
that granularity limitations are preventing a perfect match in running 
times that would synchronize the two streams from beginning to end. Is 
there something I am missing, some other approach to take? Something 
better than stretching the one, shrinking the other, and by trial and 
error hoping to find the point where they match up and synchronize?

Here are a few more details on my two source streams:

Video: '25 fps, 25 tbr, 16k tbn, 50 tbc' Recoding this stream 
(necessary to use 'setpts' and 'vsync') with 'ffmpeg -c:v libx264' 
changes tbn to 12800.

Audio: 44100 Hz sample rate, 44100 tbn

Thanks for your help.


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